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Posts for tag: Asthma

By Arthur H. Katz, MD
September 25, 2018
Category: ENT
Tags: Asthma  

Asthma is a fairly common chronic respiratory condition that affects over 20 million adults over age 18 and over six million children under Kid with Asthmaage 18 according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Asthma results from inflammation and constriction of the airway, which makes it difficult to breathe. Asthma flare ups (also known as asthma attacks) affect all asthma sufferers and can develop at any time, usually as a result of specific triggers that vary from person to person. Asthma can be managed with medication and lifestyle modifications designed to help identify and avoid triggers. Dr. Arthur Katz, an ENT (ear, nose and throat) doctor, offers asthma diagnosis and management in Munster and Merrillville, IN, Olympia Fields, IL.

Asthma Diagnosis and Treatment in Munster and Merrillville, IN, Olympia Fields, IL

There are a number of factors that can trigger a child or adult's asthma, but there are a few common signs and symptoms of asthma:

  • Difficulty breathing/shortness of breath
  • Pain and/or tightness in the chest
  • Coughing and wheezing
  • Fatigue
  • Difficulty breathing

Asthma Triggers

Common environmental allergens and pollutants and respiratory irritation can trigger an attack for asthma sufferers. Some of the most common asthma triggers include:

  • Environmental allergies
  • Dust mites
  • Pet dander
  • Mold
  • Smoke (from tobacco and wood/grass burning fires)
  • Chemical/industrial pollutants
  • Respiratory irritation/cold and flu
  • Sinus infection

What is an Asthma Attack?

A couple of things happen during an asthma attack that makes it more difficult to get air in and out of the lungs, making it difficult to breathe: the lining of the bronchial airways become swollen and inflamed, the muscles surrounding the airway constrict, and the airways fill with mucus. Many asthma sufferers report experiencing more intense symptoms at night.

What to Do During an Asthma Attack

While there is no cure for asthma, it can be managed successfully with medication, asthma inhalers for flare ups, and lifestyle modifications designed to help minimize exposure to triggers. In cases of a severe attack, emergency medical treatment may be necessary to help stabilize and open the airway.

Find an ENT Doctor in Munster and Merrillville, IN, Olympia Fields, IL

To learn more about the risk factors, symptoms, and treatment options for asthma, contact our office today to schedule an appointment with Dr. Katz by calling (219) 934-9396 in Munster, (219) 769-8441 in Merrillville, and (708) 747-6900 Olympia Fields.

By Arthur H. Katz, MD
October 27, 2017
Category: ENT Care
Tags: Asthma  

Is your asthma well controlled? A variety of treatment options can help you avoid flare ups and potentially serious consequences of the asthmadisease. Our ENT, Dr. Arthur Katz, in Munster and Merrillville, IN, and Olympia Fields, IL, discusses several types of asthma treatments.

Common asthma treatment options

Depending on the severity of your condition and the frequency of your flare ups, one or more of these treatment options may be recommended when you visit our Munster, Merrillville or Olympia Fields office:

  • Rescue Inhalers: Short-acting bronchiodilator inhalers are used only when you experience an asthma attack. The inhalers quickly work to relax and open your airways.
  • Long-Acting Inhalers: Long-acting bronchodilators help you avoid flare ups by keeping your airways relaxed. Because each puff opens your airways for about 12 hours, it's important to use long-acting inhalers twice daily.
  • Oral Bronchodilators: In some cases, oral medication to open your airways and relax the muscles around your airways may be recommended. Oral medications are effective for 24 hours.
  • Inhaled Corticosteroids: Inhaled corticosteroids decrease airway inflammation that can worsen symptoms.
  • Combination Inhalers: These inhalers contain corticosteroids and beta-2-agonists, medications that open airways and reduce inflammation.
  • Additional Medications: Other medications may also be recommended occasionally, such as drugs that loosen phlegm, oral steroids or antibiotics if you develop an infection.

Preventing asthma flare ups

In addition to using prescription medications, identifying your asthma triggers and taking steps to eliminate or avoid them can help you keep your condition under control. If cigarette smoke or pollution worsens your breathing, avoid smoking and secondhand smoke and pay attention to air quality forecasts for the area. If the forecast is poor, limit the amount of time you spend outdoors.

Allergies are a common asthma trigger. Allergy medications or shots can help you avoid sneezing, water eyes and other unpleasant symptoms of pollen, pet, mold and other allergies and also prevent asthma attacks. Other possible asthma triggers include severe weather, fog, humidity, cold air, exercise, perfumes and other strong aromas.

Protect your health with asthma treatment. Schedule an appointment with Dr. Katz by calling (219) 934-9396 for the Munster, IN, office, (219) 769-8441 for the Merrillville, IN, office or (708) 747-6900 for the Olympia Fields, IL, office.

By Arthur H. Katz, MD
December 22, 2016
Category: ENT
Tags: Asthma  

Are you experiencing breathing difficulties? Find out if you could have asthma.

How do you know if you have asthma? Our Munster and Merrillville, IN and Olympia Fields, IL otolaryngologist, Dr. Arthur Katz, gets this question a lot. It isn’t always as easy as you may think to tell whether your symptoms are that of asthma or another respiratory problem, but we are here to give you the lowdown on this condition and what to look for if you think you may have it.

The Earliest Signs that You May Have Asthma

Knowing what to look for ahead of time could end up being a lifesaver when it comes to figuring out whether you have asthma or not. While these symptoms will not be severe enough to affect your daily activities, it’s still good to be able to pinpoint an asthma attack so you can prevent worse ones in the future. Early asthma symptoms include,

  • Being short of breath or losing breath easily
  • Frequently coughing, often at night
  • Wheezing after working out
  • Feeling tired after exercising
  • Sore throat, runny nose, congestion and other signs of allergies or a cold
  • Feeling moody or irritable

At the first signs of asthma, it’s important that you are fully evaluated by our Munster and Merrillville and Olympia Fields ENT doctor to determine whether you have asthma or not. Many people with asthma are able to control their flare-ups with medication.

The Signs of an Asthma Attack

When you have an asthma attack the muscles surrounding the airways constrict around the passageways, causing them to swell up and create more mucus than normal. Symptoms of an asthma attack include rapid breathing, persistent coughing, severe wheezing, tightening of the chest muscles, pale skin and the feeling as if you are having an anxiety attack. Symptoms of an asthma attack can come on suddenly and severely so it’s always important that you come in for treatment so that you can keep your asthma under control.

If you are dealing with asthma symptoms in Munster and Merrillville, IN and Olympia Fields, IL then it’s time you called Dr. Katz, our ENT specialist, for help. Turn to the experts you can trust so that you can breathe a little easier.