Common Symptoms of Asthma
Asthma is a fairly common chronic respiratory condition that affects over 20 million adults over age 18 and over six million children under age 18 according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Asthma results from inflammation and constriction of the airway, which makes it difficult to breathe. Asthma flare ups (also known as asthma attacks) affect all asthma sufferers and can develop at any time, usually as a result of specific triggers that vary from person to person. Asthma can be managed with medication and lifestyle modifications designed to help identify and avoid triggers. Dr. Arthur Katz, an ENT (ear, nose and throat) doctor, offers asthma diagnosis and management in Munster and Merrillville, IN, Olympia Fields, IL.
Asthma Diagnosis and Treatment in Munster and Merrillville, IN, Olympia Fields, IL
There are a number of factors that can trigger a child or adult's asthma, but there are a few common signs and symptoms of asthma:
- Difficulty breathing/shortness of breath
- Pain and/or tightness in the chest
- Coughing and wheezing
- Difficulty breathing
Common environmental allergens and pollutants and respiratory irritation can trigger an attack for asthma sufferers. Some of the most common asthma triggers include:
- Environmental allergies
- Dust mites
- Pet dander
- Smoke (from tobacco and wood/grass burning fires)
- Chemical/industrial pollutants
- Respiratory irritation/cold and flu
- Sinus infection
What is an Asthma Attack?
A couple of things happen during an asthma attack that makes it more difficult to get air in and out of the lungs, making it difficult to breathe: the lining of the bronchial airways become swollen and inflamed, the muscles surrounding the airway constrict, and the airways fill with mucus. Many asthma sufferers report experiencing more intense symptoms at night.
What to Do During an Asthma Attack
While there is no cure for asthma, it can be managed successfully with medication, asthma inhalers for flare ups, and lifestyle modifications designed to help minimize exposure to triggers. In cases of a severe attack, emergency medical treatment may be necessary to help stabilize and open the airway.
Find an ENT Doctor in Munster and Merrillville, IN, Olympia Fields, IL
To learn more about the risk factors, symptoms, and treatment options for asthma, contact our office today to schedule an appointment with Dr. Katz by calling (219) 934-9396 in Munster, (219) 769-8441 in Merrillville, and (708) 747-6900 Olympia Fields.