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Posts for category: ENT Care

By Arthur H. Katz, MD
January 31, 2019
Category: ENT Care
Tags: Sleep Apnea  

Snoring seems like a minor annoyance, but those loud sound effects may be a sign that you have a serious sleep disorder known as sleep apnea. ENT Dr. Arthur Katz diagnoses and treats snoring and sleep apnea at his offices in Munster and Merrillville, IN, and Olympia Fields, IL.

Why do I snore?

Snoring occurs when air doesn't flow freely through your nose and the upper part of your airway. If you have a cold or another type of upper respiratory infection, snoring usually stops when you recover. It can also occur if excess tissues in your throat narrow your airway, you have large tonsils or adenoids, or your throat muscles or tongue become too relaxed when you sleep and block your airway. You may also be more likely to snore if the soft palate in the roof of your mouth or your uvula is longer than normal. The uvula is the small piece of dangling tissue you see at the back of your throat.

When is snoring dangerous?

Loud snoring is one of the most common signs of sleep apnea, although everyone who snores doesn't necessarily have sleep apnea. Sleep apnea occurs when you stop breathing many times during the night for several seconds at a time. The cumulative effect of those pauses deprives your body of oxygen. If you don't receive treatment for your condition, your chances of developing heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes, and other health problems increases.

The pauses occur when your airway becomes blocked. If you ever wake up in the middle of the night gasping or choking, you may have sleep apnea. Gasping and choking are your body's attempt to restart your breathing. In addition to breathing pauses, other symptoms of sleep apnea include constant fatigue, morning headaches, weight gain, irritability, and depression.

How can a visit to my ENT help?

Your Munster, Merrillville, and Olympia Fields ENT offers treatments for both snoring and sleep apnea. Although treatment varies depending on the cause of your symptoms, it may include a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine or oral appliance to keep your airway open while you sleep, minor surgery, or thermal ablation to remove excess soft tissues, or treatment to stiffen the soft palate.

Are you concerned that you may have sleep apnea? Schedule an appointment with Dr. Arthur Katz by calling (219) 934-9396 for the Munster, IN, office, (219) 769-8441 for the Merrillville, IN, office, or (708) 747-6900 for the Olympia Fields, IL, office.

By Arthur H. Katz, MD
May 11, 2018
Category: ENT Care
Tags: Sinusitis  

Sinusitis (also commonly referred to as a sinus infection) is a common upper respiratory problem that affects close to 30 million American sinusitisadults according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Because the symptoms can be similar, many people mistake a sinus infection for a cold, but a typical sinus infection can take weeks to clear up, as opposed to a few days for the common cold. There are two types of sinus infections: acute and chronic. Acute rhinosinusitis (ARS) usually clears up within four weeks, chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) lasts more than 12 weeks. Dr. Arthur Katz, an otolaryngologist (ear, nose, and throat doctor or ENT), offers treatment for sinusitis in the Munster and Merrillville, IN, and Olympia Falls, IL, area.

Sinusitis Symptoms and Treatment in Munster, Merrillville, and Olympia Falls

Most sinus infections are viral (caused by a virus), but some are caused by bacteria. (If your sinusitis is caused by a bacterial infection, you will be prescribed antibiotics.) Sinusitis symptoms vary and depend on the type and severity of infection, but the main symptom of a sinus infection is inflammation, which narrows the sinus cavity and prevents mucus from draining properly, causing fluid buildup and pressure in the sinus cavity.

The most common sinusitis symptoms include:

  • Pain, swelling, and pressure behind the eyes, forehead, and nose
  • Thick green or yellow nasal discharge
  • Post nasal drip
  • Headache and/or earache
  • Bad breath
  • Cough
  • Pain/pressure in the temples or jaw
  • Fever

It can be difficult to tell the difference between a sinus infection and cold or flu at first, but if your symptoms persist for a few weeks or you experience a high fever, schedule an appointment with an ear, nose, and throat doctor for an exam and diagnosis.

Find an Ear, Nose and Throat Doctor in Munster, Merrillville, and Olympia Falls

To learn more about the symptoms and treatment options for sinusitis and other ear, nose, and throat problems, contact our office by calling (219) 934-9396 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Katz in Munster, (219) 769-8441 for Merrillville, or (708) 747-6900 for Olympia Falls.

By Arthur H. Katz, MD
April 06, 2018
Category: ENT Care
Tags: Hearing Aids  

Hearing loss can be very frustrating, but working with a professional can help you regain your hearing and your confidence. Understanding hearing aidsyour choices when it comes to hearing aids is one of the first steps you take in the process. Below are some of the types of hearing aids Dr. Arthur Katz prescribes for patients at his ENT practice in Merriville and Munster, IN and Olympia Fields, IL.

In-the-ear

For an almost-invisible approach to hearing enhancement, in-the-ear, or ITE, hearing aids fit snugly in the opening of the ear. Patients who have mild to moderate hearing loss often benefit the most from ITE hearing aids. Because they are so small, some of the ITE styles do not have manual controls, which may not provide the wearer with optimal hearing enhancement. Adequate dexterity is also needed to manage the smallest ITE aids effectively. There are, however, low-profile hearing aids which fit into the "bowl" of the ear and are easier to control. All ITE hearing aids have a variety of skin tone options to choose from, making them even more discrete.

Behind-the-ear

These hearing aids, known as BTE, fit against the top of the ear, often curving behind it, with thin plastic tubing that focuses sounds into the ear through an attachment at the other end. Some of our Munster, Merriville, and Olympia Fields ENT patients prefer BTE aids because they do not block the ear canal as fully as ITE aids. They are designed to match your skin tone, although you can choose bright colors and embellishments to match your personality as well! BTE hearing aids are typically more versatile, accommodating hearing loss that ranges from mild to profound.

Your ENT doctor, Dr. Katz, is available to help you determine which type of hearing aid will give you the best correction and comfort. To make an appointment, contact our office in Munster and Merrillville, IN and Olympia Fields, IL today.

By Arthur H. Katz, MD
December 27, 2017
Category: ENT Care
Tags: Sleep Apnea  

Find out if your sleepless nights could be due to this common sleep disorder.sleep apnea

We know that lack of sleep is truly an epidemic for Americans. While bad sleep habits such as playing games on your smartphone before bed can lead to a night of tossing and turning, we also realize that sometimes there is more to it. If you find yourself waking up exhausted and spending the workday falling asleep at your desk, then you’ll want to learn more about sleep apnea from our very own Olympia Fields, IL and Merrillville and Munster, IN, otolaryngologist, Dr. Arthur Katz.

What is sleep apnea?

This common sleep disorder, which affects millions of Americans, causes pauses in breath throughout the course of the night. These pauses in breath may last only a few seconds or up to a few minutes. This is why some people with sleep apnea snore loudly or even wake up feeling as if they are gasping for air.

What are some of the ramifications of having this sleep disorder?

Whether you suspect that you might have sleep apnea or you were just diagnosed by our Olympia Fields, Merrillville and Munster ENT doctor, it’s important that you get the proper treatment you need. So, what happens if you don’t treat sleep apnea?

Well, first and foremost you won’t be getting the quality sleep you deserve. As you might already know, not getting the proper sleep you need can not just lead to extreme daytime exhaustion but can lead to depression and mood swings, as well. It can ruin your concentration and greatly impact your performance at work. It can also leave you prone to work-related injuries.

As if this wasn’t enough bad news, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can also put you at risk for other health problems such as:

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Heart failure
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Liver disease
  • Stroke

Luckily, we can help you to manage your symptoms, help you sleep better and reduce your chances of developing these health problems now or in the future. We can diagnose and provide you with the sleep apnea treatment you need to wake up finally feeling refreshed.

We offer three convenient locations in Munster and Merrillville, IN, and Olympia Fields, IL, to get the ear, nose and throat care you need. Whether you are plagued with severe allergies or sleep apnea, we are here to help. Call Dr. Katz today.

By Arthur H. Katz, MD
October 27, 2017
Category: ENT Care
Tags: Asthma  

Is your asthma well controlled? A variety of treatment options can help you avoid flare ups and potentially serious consequences of the asthmadisease. Our ENT, Dr. Arthur Katz, in Munster and Merrillville, IN, and Olympia Fields, IL, discusses several types of asthma treatments.

Common asthma treatment options

Depending on the severity of your condition and the frequency of your flare ups, one or more of these treatment options may be recommended when you visit our Munster, Merrillville or Olympia Fields office:

  • Rescue Inhalers: Short-acting bronchiodilator inhalers are used only when you experience an asthma attack. The inhalers quickly work to relax and open your airways.
  • Long-Acting Inhalers: Long-acting bronchodilators help you avoid flare ups by keeping your airways relaxed. Because each puff opens your airways for about 12 hours, it's important to use long-acting inhalers twice daily.
  • Oral Bronchodilators: In some cases, oral medication to open your airways and relax the muscles around your airways may be recommended. Oral medications are effective for 24 hours.
  • Inhaled Corticosteroids: Inhaled corticosteroids decrease airway inflammation that can worsen symptoms.
  • Combination Inhalers: These inhalers contain corticosteroids and beta-2-agonists, medications that open airways and reduce inflammation.
  • Additional Medications: Other medications may also be recommended occasionally, such as drugs that loosen phlegm, oral steroids or antibiotics if you develop an infection.

Preventing asthma flare ups

In addition to using prescription medications, identifying your asthma triggers and taking steps to eliminate or avoid them can help you keep your condition under control. If cigarette smoke or pollution worsens your breathing, avoid smoking and secondhand smoke and pay attention to air quality forecasts for the area. If the forecast is poor, limit the amount of time you spend outdoors.

Allergies are a common asthma trigger. Allergy medications or shots can help you avoid sneezing, water eyes and other unpleasant symptoms of pollen, pet, mold and other allergies and also prevent asthma attacks. Other possible asthma triggers include severe weather, fog, humidity, cold air, exercise, perfumes and other strong aromas.

Protect your health with asthma treatment. Schedule an appointment with Dr. Katz by calling (219) 934-9396 for the Munster, IN, office, (219) 769-8441 for the Merrillville, IN, office or (708) 747-6900 for the Olympia Fields, IL, office.